Children from low income backgrounds show elevated mental health difficulties throughout lockdown, survey finds
Monday, September 14, 2020
New research shows that during lockdown, two and a half times as many children from low income backgrounds experienced significant problems compared to those from higher income households.
Children and young people from low income households consistently experienced elevated mental health difficulties during lockdown, a new study has found.
Research tracking children and young people’s mental health throughout the COVID-19 crisis showed that around and two-and-a-half times as many children in low income households experienced significant problems over a month of lockdown compared to those from higher income households.
The most recent report from the Co-SPACE (COVID-19 Supporting Parents, Adolescents, and Children in Epidemics) study revealed that emotional and restless/attention difficulties (and behaviour difficulties for primary school aged children) were consistently elevated among those from low income households.
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Higher levels of emotional difficulties
Parents and carers from low income households reported that their children (aged four-to-16 years) had higher levels of emotional difficulties, such as feeling unhappy, worried, being clingy and experiencing physical symptoms associated with worry than those from higher income households.
Their children were also more fidgety and restless and had greater difficulty paying attention. Those with younger, primary school aged children also reported that their children were experiencing higher levels of behaviour difficulties, including temper tantrums, arguments and not doing what they were being asked to do by adults than those from higher incomes.
The study highlighted that children and young people from single and multiple adult households generally had similar levels of emotional, behavioural and restless/attention difficulties. However, when looked at on their own, primary school aged children from single adult households were reported as having more emotional difficulties than those from multiple adult households.
Other findings were that over the course of lockdown there were increases for children of primary school age in emotional difficulties, behavioural difficulties and restlessness and attention difficulties, with the proportion of children having significant (clinical level) difficulties, increasing by as much as 35 per cent.
However, in young people of secondary school age, there was a reduction in emotional difficulties, no change in behavioural difficulties and a slight increase in restlessness/inattention.
More than 11,500 parents have taken part in the Co-SPACE survey led by experts at the University of Oxford and funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). The study is continuing to collect the data in order to determine whether there have been changes as schools re-open and many children return to the classroom.
Andy Bell, deputy chief executive at the Centre for Mental Health, said: 'The pandemic and the lockdown have already had a significant impact on children’s mental health across the country. Every family and every child’s experiences are unique to them, but this and other research points to a worrying rise in distress overall, and a chasm between the most and the least deprived children and families.
'There is compelling evidence that poverty and inequality are toxic to children’s mental health. Sadly the pandemic has reinforced that divide. We must now see action at every level to close the gap and support children through the emotional challenges of this year.'
Professor Cathy Creswell, professor of developmental clinical psychology, University of Oxford, and co-leading the study, said: 'These findings highlight not only the huge variation in how children and young people have been coping throughout the pandemic but also how pre-existing vulnerabilities associated with inequality have continued during the crisis.
‘It is crucial that we continue to build understanding of who has been most impacted by this challenging situation so that effective action can be taken.'
The Co-SPACE survey is open for parents and carers to share their experiences.
The survey can be found here